A brief history: In 1950, architect and developer Victor Gruen envisioned the first enclosed shopping mall in the United States, the Southdale Center in Edina Minnesota. Designed in response to the growth of the suburbs and the decline of downtowns as retail destinations, Southdale was envisioned as a new model of civic cohesion, boasting a post office, community amenities, shops and department stores. By all accounts it was a significant success, providing a comfortable indoor shopping environment. That was then. Survival of the Fittest This …
Kevin Roche and Peter J. Kindel
About Kevin Roche and Peter J. Kindel
Kevin Roche is an architect with over 45 years of experience in the development of retail environments. Before retiring from LVMH in 2019, based in Paris and Hong Kong he led their Galleria developments across Asia and Europe. Peter J. Kindel AIA is a California-based Director for Skidmore, Owings & Merrill specializing in urban design and large-scale mixed-use environments.